Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer in men under the age of 40. Even if the diagnosis is a shock – the treatment options nowadays are excellent. Even in cases where the tumour has already spread , the chances of recovery with the right therapy are high.

What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a malignant testicular tumour in which the cells of the testis change so that they grow uncontrolled. As a result, the testicular tumour can spread to lymph nodes or other organs. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men between the 20 and 40 years. Known risk factors for testicular cancer include an undescended testicle, a contralateral testicular tumour, infertility, and first-degree relatives who are already suffering from testicular cancer.

Urologen Basel - professionell bei Urologie, Prostatakrebs, Hodenkrebs und Nierensteine

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is usually noticeable at an early stage. This includes a swelling or enlargement of a testicle or a most often painless nodule. In addition, the testicles can be touch-sensitive. In case of abnormalities of ​​the testicle, the visit to the doctor should not be postponed. A visit to the urologist quickly provides clarity.

Urologe Basel - professionell bei Urologie, Prostatakrebs, Hodenkrebs und Nierensteine

Which investigations for testicular cancer does alta uro offer?

In addition to a careful examination of the testicles, an ultrasound examination should be performed.  With the ultrasound the testicles can be examined with high resolution, thus excluding or confirming a testicular tumour. If an abnormality is confirmed in the ultrasound, a blood sample for the so-called testicular tumour marker is taken. In addition, a computed tomography of the abdomen and the chest is performed to see if any metastases are present.

What treatment for testicular cancer does alta uro offer?

If a testicular tumour is suspected, the affected testis must be surgically exposed via an inguinal incision and removed. This procedure is performed under anaesthesia. The tumour is then examined by the pathologist and the final diagnosis is confirmed. In case of unclarities, the tissue can be examined directly by the pathologist during the operation (frozen section). If cancer is confirmed, the testicle must be removed. Depending on the final result on tissue examination, chemotherapy must be performed in certain risk constellations. This will be determined in an interdisciplinary tumour board.

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