When should I see a urologist?

Urology is a branch of medicine focusing on diseases of the male and female urinary tract as well as the male reproductive system. Urologists treat diseases of the kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder. In men, urologists are also responsible for treating diseases of the prostate, testicles and penis.

You should consult a urologist if you frequently experience any of the following symptoms (please note this is not a comprehensive list):

Difficulty urinating or frequent urination
Recurrent bladder infections
Blood in the urine
Elevated PSA levels or an abnormal prostate exam
Testicular pain or a lump in the testicles
Pain in the kidney region
Infertility and erectile disfunction
Urethral discharge

Difficulty urinating or frequent urination

Difficulty urinating or frequent urination may have many causes. In men, these issues are often due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlargement of the prostate). But women can also suffer from frequent urination. An extensive consultation and a thorough urological examination are necessary for diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Recurrent bladder infections

Recurrent bladder infections predominantly affect women, regardless of age, and cause significant discomfort. A urological examination followed by appropriate treatment and preventive measures can quickly resolve the issue and prevent a recurrence.

Blood in the urine

Blood in the urine is another reason to make an appointment with a urologist without delay. Even if blood was only visible on a single occasion, it could be a sign of a serious condition such as bladder cancer.

Elevated PSA levels or an abnormal prostate exam

Elevated PSA levels or an abnormal prostate exam are other reasons to consult a urologist. As these findings may be symptoms of prostate cancer, further evaluation is very important.

Testicular pain or a lump in the testicles

Testicular pain or a lump in the testicles are often due to inflammation or an infection but, in rare cases, they may be caused by testicular cancer, making it crucial to seek prompt diagnosis from a urologist.

Pain in the kidney region

Pain in the kidney region may indicate kidney or ureteral stones. An appointment with a urologist is necessary to quickly clarify the cause.

Infertility and erectile disfunction

Infertility and erectile disfunction are highly stressful for men and their intimate partners. Urologists have a key role to play in advising and treating men with these conditions.

Urethral discharge

Urethral discharge may be a sign of a sexually transmitted disease. It is important to consult a urologist without delay in order to begin appropriate treatment.